Co-funded by
the European Union

News & Events

News & Events


The EFFORT Project ended 30 November 2018. All deliverables including the final report have been submitted and accepted by the European Commission.

Please find in the following link the Final Report which will give you the description of the project main results and foregrounds.

You will also be able to find all the public deliverables in the publication section at the following link. The most recent ones have been uploaded on 11/06/2019, amongst them:

  •  D2.2 - Sequences of resistance genes and mobile elements identified in indicator E. coli isolates
  •  D2.5 - Antimicrobial resistance gene profiles identified in the metagenomic sequence data
  •  D3.4 - Intervention strategies that influence horizontal gene transfer and stability of antimicrobial resistance genes in the food chain
  •  D4.2 - Quantification of the relationship between human, animal and environmental resistance patterns and determinants in two sentinel  occupational populations (pig and poultry)
  •  D5.4 - Position Paper on Surveillance of Microbial Resistance on the Basis of (meta-)Genomic Approaches


We are pleased to share with you the most recent EFFORT Publications:

  • The antimicrobial resistome in relation to antimicrobial use and biosecurity in pig farming, a metagenome-wide association study in nine European countries, Liese Van Gompel et al, 14 January 2019,
  • Quantitative and qualitative analysis of antimicrobial usage at farm and flock level on 181 broiler farms in nine European countries, Philip Joosten et al, 10 January 2019,
  • Quantitative and qualitative analysis of antimicrobial usage patterns in 180 selected farrow-to-finish pig farms from nine European countries based on single batch and purchase data, Steven Sarrazin et al, 13/12/2018,

Congratulations to the authors!

The articles can also be found on this website publication section:


The consortium is very pleased to share with you all the documents related to the EFFORT International Conference including the presentations from which the Project Office received their authors' authorisation to publish them on the public website:

Please find hereafter:

-       The final version of the programme,

-       The booklet of the conference handed to all participants.

-       The speakers presentations:

         . Zip file 1: Presentations made on 26/11/2018

         . Zip file 2: Presentations made on 27/11/2018

         . Zip file 3: Presentations made on 28/11/2018.

Lastly, the Consortium has also issued an Evaluation Questionnaire of the EFFORT International Conference that participants are welcomed to complete:

Thank you to all, speakers, panelists, AB Members, EFFORT Speakers and Conference Participants to have made this event a success! 

From left to right: Katharina Stärk (EFFORT Media Contact), Haitske Graveland (EFFORT Scientific Manager), Jaap Wagenaar (EFFORT Coordinator), Violeta Munoz (SAFOSO), Elias RITO (ILSI) :

EFFORT Coordination Team



The international conference was followed by the last Project Executive Board Meeting.

Jaap Wagenaar, Project Coordinator, congratulated the Work Package (WP) Leaders for all the work they have monitored during these five years. He was extremely proud of their involvement to deliver the project key messages to the conference stakeholders going from the decision makers to the scientific community and thanked the EFFORT speakers for the high quality of their presentations.

To close the EFFORT Project, the WP Leaders need now to provide the European Commission with 16 deliverables describing their work achievements. They will submit all the official documents by 31/01/2019 at the latest. They will also deliver a final report describing the work performed during these five years and the main results or recommendations.  Of course all public version of the documents will be posted on the public website. So, stay tuned!

 EFFORT WorkPackage Leaders Meeting



The conference ended today with the panel discussion gathering:

- Frouke de Groot, Ministry of Agriculture, NL
- Ulrich Herzog, CVO Austria,
- Leon Mol, Ahold Delhaize, NL,
- Rens van Dobbenburgh, EPRUMA, NL
- Ernesto Criado Liebana, EFSA, IT

Each panellist gave first their vision on AMU/AMR policy for the future (5 years and long term).

Then followed a 45 minutes discussion with questions such as:

- to what level will AMR become a trade issue in particular for import from 3rd countries?
- Is the current legislation sufficient to adequately act when AMR emergencies arise?

EFFORT Panel Discussion Session



The EFFORT consortium has committed to perform research that is scientifically and ethically sound.

For this purpose, the EFFORT project appointed an international External Advisory Board at the very start of the project to monitor the scientific and societal relevance of the project, to maintain a link with stakeholders (producers, veterinary professionals, consumers), and to ensure that the highest standards are met.

All along the project long, the External Advisory Board has advised the EFFORT project in terms of work programme, scientific quality and project strategy. Moreover they did their maximum to spread the word about the conference to their international network of contacts.

This is the reason why Jaap Wagenaar, Coordinator of the EFFORT Project, warmly thank them for their involvement during 5 years for EFFORT!

The members, chosen for their outstanding contribution to the field across the spectrum of issues to be covered by the project and the organisations they represent, are:

  • Awa Aidara-Kane (WHO)
  • H. Morgan Scott (Texas A&M University)
  • Jan Vaarten (FVE)
  • Elisabeth Erlacher-Vindel (OIE)
  • Patrick McDermott (FDA)
  • Ernesto Liebana (EFSA)




The social activity took place on Tuesday 27 November starting at 19H00. The Museum Speelklok one of the typical Dutch sights hosted more than 140 participants. The invitees were taken through the wonderful world of self-playing musical instruments. During the visit to the typical Dutch Museum Speelklok, cheerful live music surrounded the visitors from centuries-old self-playing musical instruments.

How wonderful and atypical the venue was!

  EFFORT Social Event and Conference Dinner


EFFORT Social Event and Conference Dinner


This is today 27/11/2018, the second day of the EFFORT Conference dealing with the session on:

Prudent Use of Antimicrobials in Practice - Use of guidelines, using documents in practice.

These morning speakers are :

  • Tim Walsh (Cardiff University),
  • Barbara Wieland (ILRI)
  • Imron Suandy (Ministry of Agriculture, Republic of Indunesia)
  • Frank Moller Aerestrup (DTU)

 Please see below Barbara Wieland (photo1) and Imron Suandy (photo2)

EFFORT_AMR Challenges in LMICs_Barbara Wieland (ILRI)


EFFORT_Imron Suandy_Ministry of Agriculture_Republic of Indonesia


Some news about the conference:

The conference has begun with keynote lectures by Prof. Louise Fresco and Prof. Mark Woolhouse ‘’setting the scene’’ with their views on the future of livestock farming and the effect of antimicrobial stewardship in animal production.

Here below Prof. Fresco making her presentation:

 Keynote Louise Fresco opening the EFFORT International Conference


26/11/2018 - 11H20.

The Registration Staff is now ready for the conference participants to take their badge and booklet!

EFFORT Registration Desk at TIVOLI Congress Center


The TIVOLI Congress is hosting today 26/11/2018 and during 3 days  the EFFORT conference. The event is welcoming nearly 250 participants representing 34 countries worldwide.

We are very pleased to share with you the here attached conference booklet which will be handed to all participants at the venue. Please also discover the final programme which has been updated very recently......

- The final version of the programme and,

- The booklet handed to all participants giving them an overview of the speakers background.



The registration to the conference will close today 22/11 at 17:00H.

More than 230 participants have already registered to listen to the key messages related to AMR and AMU.

If ever you decide to join this final event, please do it today before 5pm and send an email to: with your name, affiliation and country.



From November 26-28, the EFFORT consortium will present results of a 5-year research programme on the transmission of antimicrobial resistance from animals to humans through the food chain. The meeting will be opened with keynote lectures by Prof. Louise Fresco and Prof. Mark Woolhouse ‘’setting the scene’’ with their views on the future of livestock farming and the effect of antimicrobial stewardship in animal production.

There will be presentations on management tools for containment of antimicrobial resistance developed by WHO. Participants will learn about current and future ranking of the Critically Important Antimicrobials by WHO, OIE and EU, presence of resistance genes in animal production, association between antimicrobial use in animals and resistance in animals and humans, and which interventions are (economically) effective. In the last session, stakeholders (national and international policy makers, primary production, consumer organization, food industry) share their views on future policies regarding antimicrobial use.   

EFFORT International Conference - Registration is still opened :
And discover the final version of the programme!

The 15th International Symposium of Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics (ISVEE 15) is coming this year to Chiang Mai, Thailand and will take place on 12 - 16 November 2018. ISVEE 15 is a global forum for interdisciplinary collaboration and communication among graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, practitioners, junior and senior researchers, as well as policymakers, health, veterinary public health, social science, and animal health economic professionals, to learn and share with a vision of building a better life tomorrow for veterinary epidemiology at the local, regional, and international levels.

EFFORT Partners will also attend this conference and will be represented by the UGENT Team who will make the following presentations:

  • Quantitative and qualitative description of antimicrobial usage in 181 broiler farms in 9 European countries
  • Randomness of antimicrobial usage regarding choice of antimicrobial class and dosage on pig, poultry, turkey and veal calf farms
  • Assigning defined daily doses for antimicrobials registered for usage in turkeys to enable a cross-country quantification and comparison of antimicrobial consumption in 60 French, German and Spanish turkey farms.
  • A European cross-sectional study identified positive associations between antimicrobial usage and resistance in broiler farms

More information on the event to be found at

Location: Chiang Mai, Thailand

EFFORT Partner, ANSES, is now preparing its annual symposium on Antimicrobial resistance in animal health and the environment. The event will take place in Paris on Tuesday 13 November 2018. This year the symposium will focus on current and future issues in epidemiology and modelling in antimicrobial resistance.

Like every other year, to mark European Antibiotic Awareness Day, on 13 November ANSES is holding its 9th annual symposium on this topic for all the stakeholders (scientific experts, public institutions, industry, associations, etc.).

This event will examine the current situation and will also take a look into the future of resistance to antibiotics and its implications for animal health, the environment and, by extension, human health. It is helping to mobilise the players concerned, in order to explore new measures to improve the use of antibiotics in veterinary medicine and limit their impact.

Please note that the programme will be online and registration will be open from October.


Location: Paris, 12th District, France

The 10th edition of the EFFORT Newsletter has been released and this is the last newsletter issue before the project officially ends on 30 November 2018.
We invite you to read it or download it directly from the Project Website!

In this edition, the following topics have been brought forward:

- The findings of Work Package 4 dealing with the epidemiological analysis of risk factors for antimicrobial resistance.

- The written interview with Elisabeth Erlacher-Vindel from the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) about EFFORT in the international context.

- The dissemination activities highlighting the most recent accepted publications. 

- The EFFORT Project International Conference: detailing its pre-final programme and inviting you to register if not already done.

Discover the embedded video interview of Associate Professor, Dr Lidwien Smit from IRAS, University of Utrecht.

Linked to the EFFORT October newsletter, please discover the video interview with Lidwien Smit from the  Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences of the Utrecht University in the Netherlands. Dr Lidwien Smit works in the EFFORT work package that deals with the epidemiological analysis of risk factors for antimicrobial resistance:




Partner DTU has issued an online press release following the scientific article published in the journal Nature Microbiology: Abundance and diversity of the faecal resistome in slaughter pigs and broilers in nine European countries.

More information can be found at the following DTU website link.

Prof. Dik Mevius, EFFORT Project Member, representing the Wageningen Bioveterinary Research (WBVR) has provided an online article about EFFORT and its collaborative work within the consortium.

The EFFORT research spanned a five-year period with 20 partners from 10 different European countries. The results of the research have provided an insight into the consequences of antibiotic resistance in the food chain in terms of the health and wellbeing of animals, food safety, and economic impacts. These results can be used to inform policy decisions and help set priorities for risk management in the food supply chain as a whole.


The World Organisation for Animal Health, OIE, is organising this year its second global conference on AMR in Marrakesh, Morocco from 29 to 31 October 2018.

The conference will bring together OIE Delegates and OIE National Focal Points for Veterinary Products, as well as experts, professionals, policy makers, international organisations and donors, with the aims to increase understanding of the current global situation on antimicrobial resistance in animals, and to develop recommendations for future sustained control of AMR while ensuring animal health, animal welfare, veterinary public health, and food security.

Particularly, it will provide a forum to examine how to best support Member Countries in continued fulfilment of the objectives of the OIE Strategy on Antimicrobial Resistance and the Prudent Use of Antimicrobials, and the Global Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance.

Representatives of the EFFORT project, TIHO and UGENT will be attending the conference.

2 abstracts for a poster presentation have already been accepted:

  • Katharina Wadepohl from TIHO with the poster entitled: Investigations into the linkage between the herd health status of food animals and the presence of antimicrobial resistance
  • Philip Joosten from UGENT with the poster: Randomness of antimicrobial usage regarding choice of antimicrobial class and dosage on pig, poultry, turkey and veal calf farms.

 Let’s wait and see if we can expect more!

Location: Marrakesh, Morocco

On 9 October, the Workpackage Leaders met during a one-day-workshop dedicated to fine-tune the results to be raised during the EFFORT international Conference.

An updated programme will soon be circulated with the selected consortium speakers!

A press release will also be provided to inform the media!

Stay tuned!

EFFORT International Conference - Registration Website :

EFFORT WorkPackage Leaders Meeting

From left to right: Helmut Saatkamp (BEC), Pascal Sanders (ANSES), Haitske Graveland (Univ. Utrecht), Tine Hald (DTU), Jaap Wagenaar (Univ. Utrecht and Project Coordinator), Dick Heederick (UUVM-IRAS), Dik Mevius (WBVR), Steven Sarrazin (UGENT), Bruno Gonzalez-Zorn (UCM).

EFFORT Representative, Marta Rozwandowicz, from the University of Utrecht, will be presenting a poster at the Plasmid Biology Conference in Seattle (USA) early August about her research on IncK plasmids.

The conference is the biennial International Symposium of the International Society for Plasmid Biology and other Mobile Genetic Elements (ISPB). Meeting topics will cover several areas relating to plasmids and mobile genetic elements (MGEs), including replication and maintenance, horizontal transfer, genomics and systems biology, synthetic biology, industrial, agricultural and medical biotechnology, evolution, ecology, epidemiology, and the role of plasmids/MGEs in bacterial pathogenesis.

More information on the conference at


Location: Seattle, USA

The publishable summary of the EFFORT Period 3 is now onlined! Please read or download it directly from the download section!

This document is giving you an overview of the work performed since the beginning of the project till May 2018!

2 Publications have been recently accepted:

  • Abundance and diversity of the faecal resistome in slaughter pigs and broilers in nine European countries. Patrick Munk et al. Nature Microbiology, 23 July 2018,

         With a blog post associated to this publication.

  • Complete genome sequence of avian native NDM-1 producing Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Corvallis Strain from Sead Hadziabdic et al. Genome Announc 6:e00593-18.

Congratulations to the authors!


Effort Member, Pascal Sanders made a presentation entitled « Interventions to reduce antibiotic use in poultry farms » during the 14th International Congress of the EAVPT last June in Poland.
One part of the EFFORT project is dedicated to the study of on-farm interventions tailored by veterinarians to assess their effect on AMU, animal welfare and performance. Pascal’s presentation focused on results obtained in Belgian poultry farms.

Proceedings of the congress can be found here:

Location: Wroclaw, Poland

The 9th edition of the EFFORT Newsletter has been released. Read it or download it directly from here!

In this edition, 4 main topics have been brought forward:

- The registration to the EFFORT Project International Conference is now OPEN!

- A report on the use of metagenomics EFFORT workshop has been provided.

- Findings from UGENT EFFORT members on antimicrobial usage, antimicrobial resistance and biosecurity have been explained through a video.

- EFFORT member, DTU, has described their lab activities on quantification exposure.


In the perspective of the next newsletter edition, the EFFORT consortium has provided a video interview on the theme of AMU, AMR and biosecurity links at farm level.

Good News!  The massive open online Metagenomics course has been recently launched on the Coursera plateform.

As you may know, the EFFORT training on the use of metagenomics in surveillance of pathogens and antimicrobial resistance consisted of an e-learning component delivered online early 2018, followed by a one and half day hands-on workshop, held on the 19th and 20th of March 2018, in Tallinn, Estonia.

After the workshop, the e-learning content was reviewed before being launched.

We have now the pleasure to share with you the coursera link on the metagenomics course:


The EFFORT Consortium is happy to share with you that the leader of "Ecology and transfer of resistance mechanisms" Workpackage, Bruno González Zorn, has been recently awarded with the prestigious National Antibiotics Resistance Plan (PRAN) prize 2017 by the Spanish Agency for Drugs and Health Products (AEMPS), in the category of the best scientific publication on antibiotics resistance with the following article:

Spread of mcr-1-carrying Enterobacteriaceae in sewage water from Spain

Congratulations to our member! 

The EFFORT project coordinator Jaap Wagenaar (UUVM) made a presentation on EFFORT project at the Federation of Veterinarians of Europe Meeting which took place from 6-9 June, 2018 in Bergen, Norway.

For more information about the meeting follow this link.

Location: Bergen, Norway

The ECCMID, as the world’s premier Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases event, brings together experts from many fields to present their latest findings, guidelines and experiences to an audience of over 12,000 colleagues. The conference offers a wide range of sessions including: keynotes, symposia, poster sessions, educational workshops, meet-the-expert sessions and more. It took place this year in Madrid, Spain from 21-24 April 2018.

The EFFORT project was represented by project partners UCM and BfR who presented in total 5 posters.

For more information about the event 2019 please follow this link.


Location: Madrid, Spain

The Agroforum took place on 17-19 April 2018 in Tartu, Estonia and targeted decision makers on political, administrative, research and producers’associations level, i.e. ministers of agriculture and other higher state public servants, rectors of agricultural universities, representatives of primary producers, food processors and producers’ associations, but also the wider public through different media.

The EFFORT project was represented by UUVM who held an oral presentation on "Critical factors for reduction of antimicrobial use in animal production".

Location: Tartu, Estonia

On 21-23 March 2018, SAFOSO presented a poster on EFFORT results entitled "Ranking of consumer exposure to antibiotic resistance genes from retail meat" at Society for Veterinary Epidemiology & Preventive Medicine (SVEPM) event.

The presentation took place just after the Metagenomics hands-on workshop.

Scientific community, Industrials, Policy makers were invited to attend.

Effort members from the Veterinary Epidemiology Unit at the faculty of Veterinary Medicine of University of Ghent also presented results of the work related to antimicrobial resistance:

Philip Joosten with "Quantitative and qualitative assessment of antimicrobial treatment incidence in a cross-sectional study of European broiler farms"

Steven Sarrazin with "Antimicrobial treatment data from farrow-to-finish pig farms showing opportunities for improving responsible antimicrobial use in Europe'

EFFORT Partner, DTU is currently developing an online EFFORT training course on the use of metagenomics for AMR surveillance.

The current schedule predicts having the materials ready by the end of this year/early 2018.

In a combined learning style, participants that will use these online materials, will then be invited to attend a workshop, that EFFORT Partner SAFOSO is organizing, to be delivered in Estonia, March 2018, back to back with the SVEPM meeting.

The target group for the workshop are therefore MS competent authorities responsible for AMR surveillance, including veterinary services, food safety authorities and reference laboratories.

Interested stakeholders are already invited to save the dates of this workshop (March 19-20, 2018).

Further updates regarding the release of the online materials will be done via the project dissemination channels (newsletter, LinkedIn group and Twitter).

Register now!



EFFORT data has been presented at the first international conference organized by the AACTING consortium,  the "Network on quantification of veterinary Antimicrobial usage at herd level and Analysis, CommunicaTion and benchmarkING to improve responsible usage" . The conference entitled  Quantification, Benchmarking and Stewardship of Veterinary Antimicrobial Usage took place on 27 – 28 February 2018 in Ghent. More precisely, the project partner UGent presented a poster on "Antimicrobial treatment data from farrow-to-finish pig farms showing opportunities for improving responsible antimicrobial use in Europe" and an oral presentation entitled 'Quantitative and qualitative assessment of antimicrobial treatment incidence in a cross-sectional study of European broiler farms'.

This conference aimed at uniting and inspiring people involved in these topics of emerging interest as the use of antibiotics is the main driver for the development and spread of antimicrobial resistance, increasingly recognized as a major problem in humans and animals. The organisation team expected over 130 participants from more than 20 countries and scheduled 12 oral presentations and over 25 posters.

For more information on the programme, registration and abstract submission, please visit the following link

Location: Ghent, Belgium


The eLearning Course has been running from 19 February.

Most of the 140 registered participants representing 34 countries have  been following up the course.

We have been very excited to organise the hands on training session in Tallinn  from 19 to 20 March 2018.

The consortium members have now the pleasure to share with you the coursera link on the metagenomics course:

Furthermore, a short report has been posted right after the workshop. Additional interested candidates registered to the course to receive the workshop slides while waiting for the MOOC to be launched on Coursera.

2 deliverables have been provided related to 1) the e-learning course and 2) the hands-on session. Both documents can be found in the following link of the website:



EFFORT International Conference Announcement


From 26 afternoon to 28 November 2018, the European EFFORT consortium will hold the International Conference “Antimicrobial Resistance in the Food Chain – From Science to Policy”. Please save the dates!

During the 2½ days, the EFFORT consortium will present new scientific evidence and breaking results based on the high quality data collected in the EFFORT project. They will inform decision makers, the scientific community and other stakeholders about their findings and the impact on the risk of AMR in the food chain, both in relation to animal health and welfare, as well as food safety and economics.

The Eighth edition of the EFFORT Newsletter has been released. Read it or download it directly from here!

In this edition, 3 main topics have been brought forward:

- The Project International Conference announcement: 26 - 28 November 2018: Save the Dates!

- The work of PhD Student, Jamal Roskam and his supervisor, Helmut Saatkamp from EFFORT Partner BEC.

- The different project dissemination activities taken place recently and those coming up very soon.

EFFORT Partner, DTU is currently developing an online EFFORT training course on the use of metagenomics for AMR surveillance which will be followed by a workshop.

The target group for the training are professionals working at veterinary services, food safety authorities and reference laboratories as well as universities and competent authorities responsible for and involved in AMR surveillance. Ideally, participants will have theoretical background in basic microbiology and general knowledge about microbial communities and bacterial genetics equivalent to a bachelor level.

More information is now available on the following link:

At a glance, please discover all about the eLearning and workshop by reading or downloading the eFlyer here!

Location: Online training course

PhD Student, Jamal Roskam, EFFORT member from the Department of Social Sciences of Wageningen University, is being interviewed on his work related to economic aspects of reducing antimicrobial use without adversely affecting the farm’s performance.


Jorge Pinto Ferreira from the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), EFFORT external advisory board member was invited as speaker at the Prince Mahidol Award Conference (PMAC) focusing on policy-related health issues.

In his presentation, he highlighted three  key messages: 

  • The need for surveillance of both antimicrobial usage and resistance, and integrated analysis of the results
  • Surveillance applying metagenomics compared to e.g. indicator E. coli has pros and cons
  • The need for capacity building in low-income countries to design and operate efficient surveillance programs for both AMU and AMR (collaboration and harmonization)

EFFORT Partners, BEC and VION co-organised with University of Bonn a session on the theme of: Antibiotic free meat: (im-)possibilities from a supply chain point of view.

This session took place at the 12th international European forum on System Dynamics and Innovation in Food Networks.

Have a look on the joint session invitation poster here!

More to read on the impact of the event on the coming days.


The last Annual meeting took place on 10 and 11 January 2018 in Brussels in a very convivial atmosphere. Large volume of first results were presented to the EFFORT consortium members, the European Commission representatives and the External Advisory Board members. We are all looking forward to seeing those results disseminated during the project international conference scheduled in November 2018. More information about the conference will be soon available on the public website.

The EFFORT kick-off meeting was held in Utrecht on the 8-9th january 2014, and gathered 20 partners from 10 European countries.

Location: Utrecht - The Netherlands

At a glance, please discover all about the Metagenomics eLearning and workshop organised by Partner DTU by reading or downloading the eFlyer here!

The group targeted is: Professionals working at veterinary services, food safety authorities and reference laboratories as well as universities and competent authorities responsible for and involved in AMR surveillance.

Please register as soon as possible as seats are limited for the workshop.

It is highly recommended to follow the eLearning course before joining the workshop.

Registration deadline: 10 February 2018

The course is also announced on SVEPM 2018 registration website as this 2 day-hands-on workshop stands prior to the opening of the event:


The seventh issue of the EFFORT newsletter has been released. Read it or download it directly from here!

In this edition, 3 main topics have been brought forward:

  • the work of PhD student, Gabriel Moyano, from EFFORT Partner UCM.
  • the coming EFFORT training course and workshop entitled metagenomics applied to surveillance of pathogens and antimicrobial resistance.
  • the written interview of Jan Vaarten, chairperson of the EFFORT External Advisory Board.

The EFFORT WP3 focuses on the molecular ecology and epidemiology of antimicrobial resistance genes. Gabriel Moyano is a PhD student at the Complutense University of Madrid. He explains in his interview with Katharina Stärk from SAFOSO the significance of his work.

The EFFORT project partner BEC held, on behalf of the consortium, an oral presentation at the EAAE PhD Workshop which took place from 8-10 November, 2017 in Castelldefels (Barcelona, Spain).

 In the current context, the 7th EAAE PhD Workshop aimed at offering to the future agro-food and natural resource economists a space for debate, discussion and knowledge exchange on topics related to food markets future challenges. As in previous workshops, PhD students had also the opportunity to interact with senior economists about their research progresses.

Location: Castelldefels, Barcelona, Spain

Reducing the use of antibiotics on-farm doesn't happen in a day. Rather, it's a philosophy change in farm management, according to Bruno Gonzalez-Zorn, professor at the University of Madrid, Partner of the EFFORT Consortium:



Patrick Munk, from EFFORT Partner DTU, has issued a paper entitled " Abundance and diversity of the fecal resistome in slaughter pigs and broilers in nine European countries".

The paper is now available on bioRxiv:


EFFORT partner UGent represented the project at the Conference by the Flemish Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics which took place on 2 October, 2017 in Liege, Belgium by presenting a poster and an oral presentation on the topic of "Quantitative and qualitative description of antimicrobial usage in 180 pig farms in 9 European countries".

Location: Liege, Belgium

Partner DTU is part of the organization of the Joint International Symposium: Global Past, Present and Future Challenges in Risk Assessment – Strengthening Consumer Health Protection, taking place in the headquarters of BfR, in Berlin, in 30 November-1 December, 2017. The EFFORT consortium has been invited to present “Antimicrobial resistance: Situation and strategies in Europe”, on the 30th November, 13:00. 

Location: Berlin, Germany

The 10th International Conference of Predictive Modelling in Foods, taking place in Cordoba (south of Spain), in 26-29 September 2017,  will have the participation of Sofia Duarte from DTU, in representation of the EFFORT consortium. The work of WP7 will be orally presented in a session entitled “Modelling approaches using metagenomics data”, on the 29th of September, 10:00.

Location: Cordoba, Spain

The sixth issue of the EFFORT newsletter has been released. Read or download it directly from here !

As already announced, the work of 2 PhD Students has been brought forward in this edition :

  • Marta Rozwandowicz, Utrecht University , working on the transfer of resistance mechanisms,
  • Patrick Munk, Technical University of Denmark, focusing his research on metagenomics analysis.

Both have already published results on their respective project research.


The project partner UCM represented EFFORT at the 7th Congress of European Microbiologists (FEMS) which took place from 9-13 July, 2017 in Valencia, Spain. The project partner presented posters on the following topics:

  1. The SOS-Response controls intrinsic cephalosporin resistance in Enterococci.
  2. The acquisition of insertion sequences drives the adaptation of multicopy plasmids to novel bacterial hosts
  3. Understanding the impact of production animal on the dissemination of mcr-1
  4. Comparison of the dissemination of 16S rRNA methyltransferase genes in E.coli from human and natural effluents using whole genome sequencing.
  5. ColE1 plasmid coexistence is mediated by compensatory adaptation.
Location: Valencia, Spain

In this issue, the work of 2 PhD Students is being brought forward :

  • Marta Rozwandowicz, Utrecht University , working on the transfer of resistance mechanisms,
  • Patrick Munk, Technical University of Denmark, focusing his research on metagenomics analysis.

Both have already published results on their respective project research.

Please see our publication section:

An important factor in the transfer of resistance genes is the presence of plasmids. A plasmid is an additional piece of DNA that exists next to chromosomal DNA. Plasmids can carry many different genes that that may increase the chance of survival of bacteria, among which are resistance genes.

Recently, Marta published a paper on IncK plasmids in which she showed that this type of plasmid is not just 1 type of plasmid, as was assumed until now, but actually comprises 2 distinct types of plasmids. This is relevant for understanding the complex epidemiology of plasmids.

Please discover Marta Rozvandowicz' interview :


Jorge Pinto Ferreira from Safoso presented the EFFORT Consortium at the International Conference of Animal Health Surveillance being held from 30 April to 4 May 2017 in Rotorua, New Zealand.

The abstract of his presentation can be found at the following link:


Location: Rotorua, New Zealand

Jorge Pinto Ferreira (SAFOSO AG, CH), on behalf of the EFFORT consortium, presented the objectives and preliminary results of the WP7 modelling work (lead by DTU, DK), on May 4th2017, in Rotorua, New Zealand, during the  3rd International Conference on Animal Health Surveillance (ICAHS).

The overall goal of this work is to develop models that estimate the relative importance of different food and animal transmission routes for human exposure to AMR determinants in the overall population and in those with occupational exposure. This information can later be used by risk managers, who can translate it into surveillance policies.

An initial framework was designed for the purpose of collection of relevant information from the literature. This information is to be further used to develop a comparative exposure assessment that will accommodate the EFFORT qPCR data from meat sampling, to estimate the human exposure to AMR by consumption of different foods.  



The Commission is organising a workshop with EMA to bring together all relevant stakeholders, including Member States' competent authorities and medicines agencies, veterinarians, farmers and industry to expose the benefits of collecting data on antimicrobial consumption (sales and use per species), and to discuss the implementation at national level of schemes for collection of those data, including collection at farm level. The workshop would also provide a technical input to the Commission and EMA with a view of proposed legal provisions on the subject.

When:  Wednesday, 26th April 2017, 10.00- 17.00

Where: Albert Borschette Congress Center (CCAB) - Rue Froissart 36 - 1040 Etterbeek, Brussels

Location: Brussels, Belgium

The project partner UCM represented EFFORT, on behalf of the consortium, at the European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID) which took place" from 22-25 April, 2017 in Vienna, Austria. During the meeting, the partner presented a poster on "Whole-genome sequencing of Escherichia coli bearing mcr-1 from sewage water".

Location: Vienna, Austria

3 publications have been issued since the beginning of the year on the following topics:

 Short summaries of the publications can be found on the publication section of this website:

The fifth issue of the EFFORT newsletter has been released. Read or download it directly from the download section !

Watch the video of Jaap Wagenaar giving an update on the EFFORT project !

The annual European Surveillance of Veterinary Antimicrobial Consumption (ESVAC) meeting for stakeholders was organised by the European Medicines Agency to inform EU Member States, stakeholders and observers on latest activities related to collection of data of veterinary antimicrobials and on the draft guidance on provision of data on antimicrobial use by animal species and also to share information on activities for the containment of antimicrobial resistance.

Jeroen Dewulf from the Ghent Unversity  was solicited by ESVAC to report on the progress of AMU data collection in EFFORT.


Location: European Medicines Agency, London, UK

The Project Publishable Summary is now online. Please read or download it directly from the download section !

The next edition of the EFFORT newsletter will be issued in a few weeks !

This newsletter will feature the work of two EFFORT partners:  Intomics, from Denmark,  working on the metagenomics pipeline and the Bulgarian Food Safety Agency, from Sofia. who will explain how they have contributed to the project.


The EFFORT annual meeting was held this year in Sofia, Bulgaria. The meeting was extremely well attended despite the cold temperature (between -20°C and -12°C). The project partners spent 2 days in intense discussions regarding the projects progress and their preliminary data analysis results.

Location: Sofia, Bulgaria

The fourth issue of the EFFORT newsletter has just been released. Read or download it directly from the download section !


In September 2016, the EFFORT consortium partners Jorge Pinto Ferreira  from SAFOSO (Switzerland) and Jeroen Dewulf  from Ghent University (Belgium) ran a workshop in Uppsala (Sweden).  This was part of the annual scientific conference and annual general meeting of the European College of Veterinary Public Health meeting, „Challenges for the world – opportunities for VPH“

Location: Uppsala, Sweden

The EFFORT Partner SAFOSO presented a poster on "Risk assessment of the exposure of people to methicillin resistance Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) from dogs" at the International Meeting on Emerging Diseases and Surveillance taking place from 3-7 August 2016 in Vienna, Austria. 

The sixth IMED bannual meeting covered topics related to newly emerged diseases and outbreaks of familiar ones have continued to challenge us. While not a new pathogen, the explosive emergence of Zika virus in the Americas and the recognition of congenital anomalies complicating infection during pregnancy led to an international public health emergency.  Eruptions of highly pathogenic avian influenza in poultry, wild birds and humans continue to occur. Diseases at the human-wildlife interface ranging from rabies to plague to Ebola continue to draw our attention. Growing antimicrobial resistance by pathogens to all types of therapeutic agents raises fundamental obstacles to our ability to respond to outbreaks and pandemics. The international spread of antimicrobial-resistant pathogens and even the genetic elements underlying them makes this a global problem. Cholera and yellow fever, diseases thought to be well controlled, have resurged with a vengeance.  We have witnessed the use of chemical weapons in the Syrian conflict and the threat of intentional use of biological agents for nefarious purposes remains as real as ever. Migration has raised questions regarding the re-emergence of infectious diseases and the monitoring and screening of migrants arriving in Europe and elsewhere.

Location: Vienna, Austria

The third issue of the EFFORT newsletter has just been released. Read or download it directly from the download section !


Several members of the EFFORT consortium have been present and talked at the IAFP’s European Symposium on Food Safety organised in Athens, on the 11-13 May. A session dedicated to "Antimicrobial Resistance in the Food Chain" was held on Thursday 12th May 13:30-15:00

Location: Athens, Greece

In conjunction with SVEPM 2016 in Elsinore, Denmark, the EFFORT project organises a workshop on AMR surveillance.

Location: Elsinore, Denmark

Cesar Marcos from UCM has his lay publication entitled Antibiorresistencias, el estado de un combate crucial publilshed in the Italian Boletin de Cunicultura, ISSN 1696 - 6074, N0179,2016 - Page -9.

Please find here the lay publication of Marjolijn Schlepers from University of Gent posted in Pluimvee newsletter.


A short article presenting the EFFORT project is available on the Horizon 2020 website. It's part of a series of "success stories", published by the European Commission to highlight the value of EU-funded projects to as broad an audience as possible.


Our EFFORT Partner, Rasmus Hansen from INTOMICS, organised on 30 November 2015 the Project Metagenomics Workshop.

25 EFFORT partners involved in data analysis and dissemination attended this workshop.

Location: Lyngby, Denmark

The Project Publishable Summary is now online ! Please read or download it directly from the download section !


The EFFORT consortium will meet for the 2nd Annual project meeting, on the 12-14th January 2016. The exact venue has not yet been decided, but has been tentatively set to Paris.

Location: Paris (TBC)

The EFFORT project held its 1st annual meeting in Madrid, hosted by project partner UCM (Complutense University of Madrid). The meeting was well attended, and the project partners spent 2 days in intense discussions regarding the projects progress and further directions. 

On February 5, at 08:30 Central European time/ 15:30 Beijing time (GMT+8), EFFORT and LinkTADs held a webinar intended for a South-East Asian public, about anti-microbial resistance (AMR) surveillance.

EFFORT and LinkTADs are organizing a webinar about anti-microbial resistance (AMR) surveillance.

Location: Online

The EFFORT project will have it's first annual meeting in Madrid, Spain. Our host will be the Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM). The meeting is for project partners only.

Location: Madrid - Spain

The EU-funded projects EFFORT and RISKSUR have organized a webinar, dedicated to antimicrobial resistance surveillance. Speakers were Jaap Wagenaar (Utrecht University) and Jeroen Dewulf (Ghent University).  With over 40 participants attending, the session was a success.

The EU-funded projects EFFORT and RISKSUR are organizing a webinar, dedicated to antimicrobial resistance surveillance. This webinar is the third in a series covering hot topics and best practices in animal health surveillance.

Location: Online

The first issue of the EFFORT newsletter has just been released. Read or download it directly from the download section!

A new ESVAC report is available, and show an encouraging 15% decrease in sales of veterinary antibiotics in Europe. These sales data are collected annually as part of the European Surveillance of Veterinary Antimicrobial Consumption (ESVAC) project, which is a cooperation between the national authorities throughout the European Union (EU) and is coordinated by EMA.

On the 19th September 2014, the EFFORT project Coordinator officially launched the first full scale EFFORT sampling campaign. Protocols, tailored for EFFORT and tested during a small pilot study during summer, have been distributed to all partners performing sampling. They are accompanied by information sheets for the samplers and the participating farmers and study volunteers.

The EFFORT project will organize a couple of policy roundtables, with invited key stakeholders. Several questions regarding antimicrobial resistance policies will be discussed.

The EFFORT Policy Roundtables are organized to  disseminate the work plan and to obtain feedback and to disseminate results to policy makers.

Location: Online

Before launching the full EFFORT sampling campaign, a smaller pilot study has been conducted to optimize the EFFORT sampling protocols. During late spring and early summer, a few selected farms have been visited by the EFFORT scientists. They have taken samples from the animals and the surrounding environment. In addition to the sampling, information on animal health, past antibiotic use etc. has been collected from using specially designed questionnaires. The pilot study is now finished, and valuable experience gained that will be used to fine-tune the sampling methods.

-Position filled- EFFORT partner Utrecht University is looking for an enthusiastic PhD candidate for the project. At Utrecht University in The Netherlands a position is available for a PhD- student who will be working on the ecology of high prevalent and emerging bacterial plasmids involved in antimicrobial resistance.

Farmers from many European countries have volunteered to participate in the EFFORT studies, offering to share their time, knowledge and animal data with our researchers. To inform all current and future study participants, the project has produced information leaflets in many European languages.

Two new EFFORT documents are now available for download: flyer and poster.

The 2014 European Scientific Conference on Applied Infectious Disease Epidemiology (ESCAIDE) will be held in Stockholm, Sweden from Wednesday 5 to Friday 7 November. ESCAIDE 2014 will host presentations, seminars and workshops covering all aspects of infectious disease control and prevention; threat detection, epidemiology, microbiology, outbreak investigation and associated disciplines.

Sofia Duarte from DTU presented the EFFORT project at the Nordic One Health conference, Sweden, 19-20 of March. The conference was organized by One Health Sweden, a national intellectual platform where veterinarians, physicians, molecular biologists, ecologists and environmental chemists with an interest in zoonotic infections interact and create synergies. It involves several Swedish universities and governmental organizations.