Co-funded by
the European Union


The Most Recent EFFORT Publications!

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EFFORT International Conference: How to control antimicrobial resistance in the food chain: Thank you!

Date: Location:



Utrecht University is a research university comprising of seven faculties which collectively span the entire academic spectrum in teaching and research. The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Utrecht University is the only veterinary school in the Netherlands. In EFFORT both the Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology (I&I) and the Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences (IRAS) are participating.  
The Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology is one of the eight departments of the faculty of Veterinary Medicine. The faculty has a leading position in Europe and is one of the top 5 veterinary institutes worldwide. The department employs several groups of workers among which academic staff, PhD students and research technicians. The department is well known for its expertise in the field of clinical veterinary infection science, immunology, infection biology, virology, molecular host defense and tick borne diseases.
IRAS is an interfaculty research institute within the faculties Veterinary Medicine, Medicine, Sciences of Utrecht University. Support is also provided by the National Institute of Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) in Bilthoven, and by TNO Quality of Life, Zeist. The mission of IRAS is to provide education and research on the human health risks of exposure to potentially harmful agents in the environment, at the workplace and through the food chain. Effects on ecosystems are also considered.  The research takes places within three domains: Toxicology, Environmental Epidemiology and Veterinary Public Health.

  • -> site UU
  • -> site UUVM
  • -> link to department infectious diseases and immunology
  • -> link to IRAS



Personnel Involved

Prof Dick Heederik, PhD is an internationally recognised expert in the field of environmental epidemiology and head of the Division of Environmental Epidemiology of IRAS, Utrecht University.

Dr. Heike Schmitt PhD is expert in the field of environmental microbial ecology with a focus on antibiotic resistance in the environment and the effects of pollutants on microbial communities. She now holds a position as an assistant professor at IRAS, where she leads a research group in microbial ecology. She has been member and WP leader of EU projects (ERAPharm) and project leader in several research projects devoted to antibiotic resistance in the environment funded by the Dutch and German government. She was granted a VENI scholarship in the Netherlands.